Incantations are typically and most effectively chanted and repeated. Repetition and chanting have always been characteristic of the most powerful and effective magickal incantations. Normally, incantations are repeated a minimum of three times, but historically, less will often do. Powerful incantations, particularly those associated with spirits are unique in that they are rarely repeated, but they are the exception rather than the rule.
The term incantation is rooted in enchantment, being under the influence of an enchantment, a hex or binding spell usually thought to be caused by charms or evil spells. Enchant, in turn, is based on the Latin word incantare, which means "to utter an incantation" or cast a magic spell. Incantare has deep linguistic roots in the Proto-Indo-European tongues. In essence then, the term incantationrefers to the workings of an enchanter or enchantress who casts magic spells or speaks incantations.
Traditionally, enchantments are magic spells or hexes that form a lasting attachment to a specific person, object, or location, and alter its reality or internal or external perception in some way. Enchantments with negative characteristics are often referred to as curses, but one is no more proper than the other.
The term enchantment can also be applied to spells or hexes primarily cast to deceive people, either by directly affecting their thoughts or through illusion. Enchantresses frequently employ such methods to seduce their prey.